Written Consultations engage with other parties to gather intelligence, ideas and viewpoints on any type of issue. A written consultation asks that a report be made on the issue focusing on certain details, emphasising a key area and exploring possible actions on them. They are typically used by governments to engage the public in current issues.
• Non-profit organisations and charities are suitable as outside bodies for consultation on public issues. They can, as well, consult each other if required.
• The cost of consultations can be high as they require paying fees to the consulting organisation.
Approximate time expense
• Any thorough written consultation can take months and plenty of time should be given to allow a consummate report to be produced.
• Generates sophisticated and lengthy responses
• Can involve a wide range of professional groups, and individuals
• Encourages greater debate
• Helps to monitor existing policy and if changes are needed
• Can generate new or different ideas to help decision makers
• Can be expensive
• Can receive biased feedback
Image by Sean MacEntee.
Gather individual pre-existing opinions
Number of participants
Self selected participants attending as individuals (open access process)
A Group which broadly reflects the Demographic make up of a certain community or population
Statistically representative sample of a population
Representatives of wider interest groups (stakeholders)
Level of awareness and interest
participants know about some aspects/can roughly articulate some interest
participants are well informed and can articulate their interests
Crime and justice
Culture and arts
Environment and climate change
Health and well-being
Housing and Planning
Science and technology
Level of involvement